STEM education stats¹
Below is a quick look at a few of the more popular STEM statistics, with details below each.
1. STEM jobs are projected to grow 13%.
Between 2017 and 2027, the number of STEM jobs will grow 13 percent, compared to 9 percent for non-STEM jobs—with positions in computing, engineering, and advanced manufacturing leading the way. (Via the Education Commission of the States)
2. Specifically, employment in computer and IT occupations is projected to grow 11%.
From 2019 to 2029, employment in computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 11%. This is said to be "much faster" than the average for all occupations. (according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics)
3. Employment in STEM occupations has grown 79% since 1990.
Overall, since 1990, employment in STEM occupations has grown 79%—increasing from 9.7 million to 17.3 million. (Via a 2018 article from Pew Research Center)
So, there IS an increasing demand for STEM jobs...
4. The average median hourly wage for STEM jobs is $38.85.
Compared to the median earnings for all other types of jobs in the US - $19.30 - STEM-related jobs pay exceptionally well. (Via the Education Commission of the States)
5. The median annual wage of STEM occupations in 2019 was $86,980.
This is well over double of that of non-STEM occupations, where the median annual wage came in at $38,160. (Via the Bureau of Labor Statistics)
And the above says STEM jobs seem to pay well...
6. The US placed 38th of 71 countries in math, and 24th in science.
This is according to the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)—which is regarded as one of the biggest cross-national tests of its kind. (Via the Pew Research Center; Pew also published these 7 facts about the STEM workforce on 1/9/18)
7. US universities are expected to produce only 29% of the required number of grads.
That is, to fill the 1.4 million computer specialist job openings projected to be available in 2020. (Projected by the US Department of Labor and referenced by the White House back in 2013. )
But this tells us the education system isn't producing candidates...
8. 74% of middle school girls express an interest in engineering, science, and math...
But only 0.4% choose computer science as a major when they get to college. (Reported by girlswhocode.org and mentioned by the National Girls Collaborative Project)
9. 2 out of 3 U.S. women say they were not encouraged to pursue a career in STEM.
In the 2019 STEM survey by Emerson, it was stated that 2 of 3 women said they weren't encouraged to pursue a STEM career. (From Emerson.com)
10. Women make up only about 18% of computer science undergrads.
It's stated that for the 2016-17 academic year women earned roughly 57% of all bachelor’s degrees. But when it comes to computer science specifically, in 2015, women earned only 18% of such degrees in the nation.
11. 63% of middle school girls who know women in STEM feel powerful doing STEM.
In comparison, 46% of middle school girls who don't personally know women in STEM feel powerful doing STEM. Similarly, 73% of those girls who personally know women in STEM understand the relevancy of STEM, and 72% know how to pursue a STEM career. This is compared to 51% and 47% of those who don't personally know women in STEM, respectively. (via Microsoft and a study done in partnership with KRC research)
12. Moms who communicate on STEM leads to girls being +20 points more interested.
From the same study above, "Having an encouraging mom who communicates about STEM is associated with girls being an average +20 points more interested in all STEM subjects compared to those girls who do not." Having an encouraging teacher is associated with +21 points; having an encouraging dad is associated with +17 points.
Thus, women are vastly underrepresented in STEM, and could benefit from mentors and encouragement...
13. 40% of black students switch out of STEM majors before earning a degree.
This is according to a study published in the journal, Education Researcher, and highlighted by the Education Advisory Board.
14. Black workers make up 11% of the U.S. workforce but represent 9% of STEM workers.
This is in addition to Hispanics, who make up 16% of the workforce, but only 7% of all STEM workers. And, of those employed adults who hold a bachelor’s degree or higher, 7% are black workers and 6% are Hispanic workers of the STEM workforce." (via Pew Research Center)
And, many minorities are also underrepresented...
¹ “STEM Education Stats for 2020 | Jobs & Careers, Growth, Girls & Degree Statistics.” 2020. ID Tech. August 2020. https://www.idtech.com/blog/stem-education-statistics.
Employment in STEM occupations, 2019 and projected 2029
(1) Data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Wage data cover non-farm wage and salary workers and do not cover the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, or household workers.
(2) Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations include computer and mathematical, architecture and engineering, and life and physical science occupations, as well as managerial and postsecondary teaching occupations related to these functional areas and sales occupations requiring scientific or technical knowledge at the postsecondary level. For more information, see https://www.bls.gov/oes/topics.htm#stem.
Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics